Narrative Development: The Bridge Research

There is a wide range of bridge styles both in this reality and in a fictional reality, the first part of the blog will focus on bridges from actual life while the second part of this blog will focus on Bridges from fictional works such as Halo and Harry Potter.

Types of Bridges:

Arch Bridge: An Arch Bridge uses a arch as it’s means of structural support, the arch can be found it too place often below the bridge or a above the bridge but this depends on what the architect wants the bridge to be able to support in means of weight. If you click the title of this section of bridges you will see some example of this style of bridge. A perfect example of an arch bridge is the Iron Bridge, which is made out of cast iron and the construction stated in November 1777 and ended in January 1781. The bridge originally took tolls when people or vehicles desired to cross the bridge but this ended in 1950 when the ownership of the bridge was changed.

Click here for some images of the Bridge

This Bridge design might be what I am looking for in my Bridge design because it can support a decent amount of weight and can blend in the environment that it is placed in quite effectively e.g. some Arch Bridges are made from a selection of stone so they blend in with the country side environment. The Arch Bridge style is also very appealing to the eye because they are often quite small in size unlike other bridge types and this type of style is perfect for various forms of narrative to occur.

Beam Bridge: A Beam Bridge is one of the most basic forms of bridges due to the fact that it uses several simple supports as it means of been support but these beams won’t have to be vertically aligned they can be in several different positions such as the supports can be placed incline or in a v formation (theses positions work just as effectively). A perfect example of this is the Albert Bridge that is located above the River Thames in London, the Bridge was built in 1873 by Rowland Mason Ordish and over the years it has been constantly upgraded by various owners. The bridge was also dubbed the trembling lady due to the fact that it vibrate that much due to a wide range of people walking across it.  The Albert bridge also classes as a suspension bridge.

Click here for images of the Albert Bridge

This bridge design is a excellent for allowing important vehicles to cross uncross able terrain but at the same time it doesn’t look that appealing to the eye due to the fact that it stand out really easily, compared to some other bridge types but at the same time I could use this type of bridge quite effectively with futuristic type setting narrative if altered correctly, something I should consider.

Truss Bridge: A Truss Bridge is one of the most basic were they use posts called the king and queen posts as a means of holding up the bridge, the king posts been placed diagonal while been supported by two vertical beams/posts that run across the bridge called the Queen Beams. A perfect example of this is the Truss Bridges that can be found within Hull.

Click here to see.

I may look into using this bridge type for my Bridge narrative due to the fact that it has a interesting design that might have some use in both a futuristic/intergalactic or a Medieval/Magic setting but it depends on what sort of narrative I looking for to be presented on this design.

Cantilever Bridges: Cantilever Bridges have a very similar appearance to Arch Bridges, because they supports are designed to have a very similar shape as that of Arch Bridges and like an Arch bridge theses arch shaped like supported bridges can be found both below the bridge and above. A perfect example of this type of bridges is the Forth Bridge, which is located above the Firth of Forth in Scotland. The Bridges construction started in 1882 and wasn’t completed until 1890. The bridge was considered the longest single Cantilver Bridge span until the Quebec bridge was complete in 1917. This bridge only supports trains.

Forth Bridge

This Bridge type doesn’t really catch my attention unfortunately due to the fact that I think it is too much of an eye sore and that it doesn’t seems to shine in the way I want it too when I look into it. Although it does support a large amount of transportation and people when been used theses types of bridges often are only used by Trains. There is one setting this bridge might belong in Narrative wise, I thinking a post-apocalyptic world were their are only a few human survivors left and it also involves zombies.

Tied Arch Bridges: Tied Arch Bridges are considered part of the Arch Bridge Family but unlike there counter parts they transfer the weight of the transport and people walking across it to the the wired cord in the middle of the bridge which is connected to the supports as well. They are also called Bowstring Arches.

Another Idea I can’t really see been used in any type of Narrative, Except maybe a Futuristic one where technology has flourished. Doesn’t look that appealing to me, but to a few others I asked it looks somewhat appealing to some current bridge designs and types you see these days.

Suspension Bridges: Theses Bridges are designed to be support by various ropes/cable in various locations across the bridge and are connected to the vertical suspenders of the bridge allowing them to supports tonnes of weight such as large amount of vehicle traffic. A Perfect Example of this type of Bridge is the Humber Bridge located above the River Hull Humberside. The bridge was originally built to reduce travel time for people trying to get to work on the other side of the river, as well as speed up the traffic flow because there used to be a water taxi to get across the River Humber. The Bridge was opened on the 24th June 1981 and later on the water taxi’s that where used to cross the river, where eventually decommissioned.

Humber Bridge

This design is one I might consider for my Bridge Project because it one of the most preferred Bridge designs for handling large amounts of Vehicle traffic and travelers because they can support the wide range of all the different weights that cross it without been strained. Another reason why I might consider using this type of bridge for my Bridge project is that the design of the actual bridge may be a slight eye sore but at the same time it scream safety because of the large amounts of supports the actual roads on the bridge actually have and at the same time it looks some what appealing.

Cable-Stayed Bridge: This type of Bridge is very similar to it’s relative the Suspension bridge because it used cables or ropes to help support it’s self but unlike it’s cousin this type of Bridge uses Double Decked Rope/Cable to support it’s self, that is connected to the columns in two ways, this is called harp style. A perfect example of this type of bridge is the Russky Bridge, which is located in Vladivostok and the Russky Island Russia above the Eastern Bosphorus Strait (A River). The Bridge was completed in July 2012 and is 1,104 meters long.

Russky Bridge

This idea i could use with some of the narrative ideas I am considering, mainly a futuristic based one where this type of bridge could be used on a artificially made planet to get people from point a to b. This idea not only seems like it would work with this style of bridge but it also looks appealing to the eye due to the fact that the monument looks unique in it’s appearance.

There are another three types that bridges are also divided into Fixed, Movable and Temporary.

Fixed: A Fixed Bridge are often Bridges have no parts are designed to move, this qualifies for a majority of bridges such as Arch Bridges and Suspension Bridges.

Temporary Bridges: Are Bridges that are made out of cheaper materials then regular materials as a temporary resorts to make a short time replacement route for vehicles or people until repairs or a new route/bridge can be made.

Movable: Are Bridges have movable parts due to the fact that they have a electrical current sent through them to move them. A perfect example of this is a Truss Bridge (Some can be electrically charged to move to allow crossing at different locations.

Bridges are also divided into several sections on what it’s primary focus is e.g. people or vehicle.

Car Traffic: A bridge specifically design to allow vehicles such as cars and trucks across it’s self and with stand different variations of Traffic.

Pedestrian: A Bridge Designed to focus specifically to focus on allowing Pedestrians to cross difficult terrain where vehicles can’t reach and are often found in cities to cross roads.

Train Bridges: Designed to allow one or more trains various multiple tracks across terrain tracks on their own wouldn’t be able to be placed on e.g. water.

Pipelines: Bridges designed to allow pipes such as gas, water, air and communication cables across difficult terrain to another location.

Commercial Bridges: Bridges that connect to shops and restaurants.

Here is a couple website that look into the type of bridges.

http://www.historyofbridges.com/facts-about-bridges/types-of-bridges/

http://www.aiacincinnati.org/community/abc/curriculum/fivebridgetypes.pdf

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/buildingbig/bridge/basics.html

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/79272/bridge

Bridges in Video Games:

There are several Video game bridges that I have looked at that are quite interesting to look at for design and narrative ideas in the future.

For example:

Halo: Bridges that are made out of a unknown energy that expands and recedes when the user wishes. Quite a Interesting method of creating  a bridge by using a energy source that can be called forth on will and is not known for breaking easy but have been known to occasionally break when not used in a while. I can use something like this with one of my ideas.

Transformers Cybertron Video Game Series: Mechanical Bridges that are non-existent except when the user interfaces with the command panel or control pad and when they are the pad activates hidden metal underneath the pad transforms into the bridge, the pads are often located on both sides of the bridges. This is a interesting method of a bridge because unless you know how to activate the bridge you cannot by pass the terrain you want to.

Creative Futures: Narrative Bridges Task 2

The next part of this project this project is to think back to Christopher Alexander’s A Pattern Language, unfortunately this book had no mentions what so ever on Bridges so I can gather no data on Bridges from A Pattern Language, although their is a small section in Chapter 55 on Raised Walk, which states that this section of the book focuses on solely on the risen areas that separate the pedestrians from the vehicles keeping them safe and this can be done by having a raised walkway. As long as this walk way is a decent height passing transportation cannot reach or harm the pedestrians that are walking along side the road. This is somewhat handy for my bridge research and designing because it gives me a good idea on how to keep the pedestrians safe from vehicles but only in certain designs such as ground based vehicles and bridges unlike designs that unfortunately involve anti-gravity and air to a certain degree meaning planes and rockets or broom and dragons etc.

Another section I look at to help me with my Bridges Narrative is Chapter 54 on Road Crossing, which focuses on both regular road crossing such as Zebra Crossing and Raised Road Crossings which is what I looked into the most on this. I did this because it is a basic form of a Bridge to prevent the people from not only waiting to cross the road but to also reduce the risk of the people from getting hurt or killed by drivers that are patient or the people are to inpatient. This Chapter States that “In this case, you can solve the problem, at least partially, by creating islands – certainly ones in the middle, and perhaps extra islands, between adjacent lanes, which means that to have a successful crossing even if it isn’t raised their must be some sort of island to give the people a means of crossing. This is useful to me because I can use this to help with my narrative for Bridges by maybe adding points to help my characters cross or to keep them safe from near by vehicles.

Creative Futures: Narrative Bridges Task 1

The next task set for me to do by my tutor is to design a bridge the main points of focus in this pitch is that it must be a bridge that is a physical structure that allows the passage of people and/or their vehicles across a gulf between two or more points other wise un-navigable. So name of this task is to create a bridge that has two or more points to connect and allows or did allow people and/or their vehicles to cross. The bridge can be of any design, meaning that it can be from any thing you can imagine e.g. Future/Sci-Fi based bridge or a Magical Bridge as long as it shows some means of been connected to another point or points and that their are people and their means of transportation see able on the image as well.

Looking back at Michael Beirut’s Why Designers Can’t Think I have to avoid over complicating or over simplifying my design but it has to be my own original design meaning it can’t have any strong resemblance to someone else’s original work. This also means that it is okay to look at original works for inspiration but like stated previously it has to have it’sown originality. The essay also stated that the best way to design your own idea is to think about what you what out of the product that your are attempting to create and why your are creating it as well as what it’s significance is to the actual project if it is involved in something bigger then it’s self.

Creative Futures: Narrative Bus Stop Final Design Colour Variations

Here is the final design colour scheme development for the Radiation Travel.

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This is the original final design which I am using just for a reference while, I develop the colour scheme for this project. The colours i thinking of using is green which is standard for radiation, blues, silver, metallic grey and  yellow. Theses colours are useful for this project due to the fact that they are often either associated with radiation or danger and are also welcoming and warm colours.

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This is my first colour scheme idea, I considered having the glass green due to it been near where the radiation beam is stored so the colour would leek out some what. The grey was used to reassemble all the metal components within the machinery and to highlight how important the machinery actually is. The red is show to mind the step that the machine is connected to. The blue was chosen because it is calming which helps keep the target audience/user calm before they are converted into radiation for the travel. Theses colours together are both appealing and relaxing to the target audience as I have shown the designs to them.

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This image is using the same colours as stated at the top of this post except the green is used to create a cloud of escaped radiation that isn’t very useful or harmful to the users and technicians. The red is used for the waiting chairs, the red is mainly used for a warm welcoming. The grey/metal is used to identify what is metalic and what the actual mode of transportation is. The yellow is used as a warning to mind the step and the blue is used as a representation of the glass. This is considered the most appealing by the people I have shown the design to because it uses a wide range of colours and shows what Radiation runners is about.

Creative Futures: Narrative Bus Stop Development Idea Part 4

This is final design development, This is probably one of the worst idea I came up with for this project and didn’t receive much of a appeal for it’s design is fairly boring and that it is plain as well, In fact some people commented that the shaft above the chair looks more like a kitchen vent. That is technically the point of the shaft it is to in hail the radiation vapor or wave length after the ray has hit the user to transfer them to their desired location where the will be recreated so they can move on to where they want to go.

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